Without refrigeration and options like canning foods, it is important to find ways to keep foods viable for the seasons when they aren’t available. Many greens are bundled and hung to dry, other items use other means of drying on various kinds of racks. It is important that greens are dried in the shade to preserve their vitamins and minerals. Fruits, on the other hand, dry well in the sun. Fruits can be cut and dried as they are, or mashed and spread thin to dry as a fruit leather.
Meats are another problem since it can’t be kept fresh for long. The best options in a primitive situation is through drying or smoking. In either case, the meat is cut into thin strips and suspended to dry. When smoking, a low fire with green wood is used to add flavor to the meat. When finished, both can be eaten as is or can be added to stews to re-hydrate.